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The Antonov An-24 (NATO reporting name: Coke) is a 44-seat twin turboprop transport manufactured in the Soviet Union by the Antonov Design Bureau.
It was first flown in 1959. Over 1,000 An-24s were built and 880 are still in service worldwide, mostly in the CIS and Africa. As of August 2006 a total of 448 Antonov An-24 aircraft were in airline service.
It was designed to replace veteran piston Il-14 transport on short to medium haul trips. The design of the aircraft was optimised for operating from rough strips and unprepared airports in remote locations. The high-wing layout protects engines and blades from debris, and the power-to-weight ratio is higher than that of many comparable aircraft. The machine is rugged and does not require sophisticated ground equipment for maintenance.
The prototype build and the main production line was at the Kiev-Svyatoshin (now "Aviant") aircraft production plant which built 985 and 180 were built at Ulan Ude. A further production line at Irkutsk built 197 freighter variants. China's Xian Aircraft Manufacturing Company makes copies of the An-24 as the Yunshuji Y-7. Production continues in China, though production in Ukraine was shut down in 1978.
- An-24: : Original design. Twin-engined 44-seat transport aircraft.
- An-24B: Freight transport version.
- An-24T: Freight transport version.
- An-24P: : Firebomber or fire-fighting version.
- An-24V : 50-seat short-range transport version, powered by two 2,550-ehp (1902-ekW) Ivchenko AI-24A turboprop engines.
- An-24V Series II : 50-seat mixed passenger, cargo and freight version.
- An-24RT : Similar to the AN-24T, fitted with an anxiliary turbojet engine.
- An-24RV : Turbojet boosted version. Similar to the An-24V, but fitted with a 1,985-lb (900-kg) thrust auxiliary turbojet engine.
- Xian Y-7 : Chinese-built version powered by two Dongan WJ5A turboprop engines - see also Xian MA60
- Y-7-100 : Improved version with redesigned cockpit and cabin, also fitted with winglets.
- Y-7-200 : Fitted with new avionics, winglets are deleted.
- Y-7-200A : Powered by two Pratt & Whitney PW127C turboprop engines.
- Y-7-200B : Built for the Chinese domestic market.
Military An-24 operators|
- The Afghan Air Force received six from 1975.
- Algerian Air Force
- People's Air and Air Defence Force of Angola
- Armenian Air Force
- Azerbaijan Air Force
- Bangladeshi Air Force, none in service, all retired
- Belarus Air Force
- Bulgaria Air Force
- Royal Cambodian Air Force
- Republic of the Congo
- Congolese Air Force
- Cuban Air Force
- Czech Republic
- Czech air force (before 2005)
- Czechoslovakian Air Force - No longer in service.
- East Germany
- Luftstreitkräfte der NVA
- Egyptian Air Force
- Georgian Air Force
- Military of Guinea
- Military of Guinea-Bissau
- Hungarian Air Force
- Iranian Air Force
- Iraqi Air Force
- Military of Kazakhstan
- Lao People's Liberation Army Air Force
- Military of Mali
- Mongolian Air Force - All An-24 retired in 2003
- North Korea
- Korean People's Army Air Force
- Polish Air Force- An-24 fleet retired in beginning of 2009
- Romanian Air Force-the last An-24 of the RoAF was retired in 2007
- Slovak Air Force last one retired in 2006
- Somali Air Corps
- Sudanese Air Force
- Syrian Air Force
- Ukrainian Air Force
- Soviet Union
- Military of Uzbekistan
- Vietnam People's Air Force
- Yemen Air Force
Major operators of some of the 448 Antonov An-24 aircraft still in airline service at August 2006 include: China Southern Airlines (11), Air Urga (10), ARP 410 Airlines (10), Scat Air (20), Turkmenistan Airlines (22), Ukraine National Airlines (12), Novosibirsk Air Enterprise (9), Belavia (9), Air Koryo (8) Aeroflot (6), UTair (17), Uzbekistan Airways (11), Yakutia Airlines (17) and Cubana de Aviación (2) Aero Caribbean(1). Some 112 other airlines also operate smaller numbers of the type.
Civil operators have included: Aeroflot, Aerosvit, Air Astana, Air Guinee, Air Mali, Ariana Afghan Airlines,Askari Aviation, Balkan Bulgarian, CAAC, Cubana, Egyptair, Interflug, Iraqi Airways, Lebanese Air Transport, Lina Congo, LOT Polish Airlines, MIAT Mongolian Airlines,Misrair (Egyptair), Mosphil Aero (Philippines), Pan African Air Service, Kyrgyzstan, President Airlines, PMTair, Royal Khmer Airlines, Tarom, Uzbekistan Airways, Lionair
- Hull-loss accidents: 109 with a total of 1673 fatalities
- Other occurrences: 11 with a total of 59 fatalities
- Hijackings: 33 with a total of 4 fatalities
(See also: 2006 Slovak Air Force Antonov An-24 crash)
- On January 19, 2006, a Slovak An-24 military transport with 43 persons on board (of which 28 were soldiers) crashed in Hungary, only 3 km from the Slovak border. Only one person survived, and 42 were reported dead. The plane was carrying Slovak KFOR forces that had been serving in Kosovo for half a year.
(See also: PMTair Flight U4 241)
- On June 25, 2007, a Cambodian PMTair An-24 commercial flight with 16 passengers and six crew on board crashed in mountains 130km south of the capital Phnom Penh. The flight was en route from Siem Reap, near the historic Angkor Wat temples, to the coastal town of Sihanoukville.
Preserved An-24 at Aleksotas airport (S. Dariaus / S. Gireno) (EYKS), Kaunas|
- Crew: 3-4: 2 pilots, 1 flight engineer, (optional) 1 radio operator
- Capacity: 52 passengers (AN-24V 50 passengers)
- Payload: 5,500 kg (12,000 lb)
- Length: 23.53 m (77 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 29.20 m (95 ft 10 in)
- Height: 8.32 m (27 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 75.0 m² (807 ft²)
- Empty weight: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 21,000 kg (46,000 lb)
- Powerplant: 2× Ivchenko AI-24A turboprops, 2,820 ehp (2,100 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 500 km/h (270 knots, 310 mph)
- Cruise speed: 450 km/h (240 knots, 280 mph)
- With maximum payload: 750 km (404 nm, 466 mi)
- With maximum fuel: 2,400 km (1,300 nm, 1,500 mi)
- Service ceiling: 8,400 m (27,559 ft)
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Published - July 2009