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Antonov An-12

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonov_An-12

An-12
An-12 of Kosmos PO Aicompany, Russia
Role Military transport aircraft
Manufacturer Antonov
First flight March 1957
Introduced 1959
Status Active service with various airlines and Air Forces
Primary users Soviet Air Force
Aeroflot
PLA Air Force
Produced 1957-1973
Number built 1,248
Developed from Antonov An-10
Variants Shaanxi Y-8

The Antonov An-12 (NATO reporting name: Cub) is a four-engined turboprop transport aircraft. It is the military version of the Antonov An-10.

Design and development

The first prototype flew in March 1957. Over 900 had been built, in both military and civilian versions, before production finally ended in 1973. The An-12BP entered Soviet military service in 1959. In terms of configuration, size and capability, the aircraft is similar to the United States-built Lockheed C-130 Hercules. Military Soviet planes have a defensive tail gun turret.

On January 12, 2009, the United Arab Emirates banned the AN-12 from flying over their airspace following runway incursions at Sharjah International Airport and the GCAA has advised operators to stop using the aircraft. However this ban was lifted in May 2009 although authorities have said that they will take further action against operators found guilty of unsafe practices in future.

Chinese production

In the 1960s, China purchased several An-12 aircraft from the Soviet Union, along with license to assemble the aircraft locally. However, due to the Sino-Soviet split, the Soviet Union withdrew its technical assistance. It wasn't until 1974, when the first Chinese-assembled An-12 had its maiden flight. The Xi'an Aircraft Company and Xi'an Aircraft Design Institute worked to reverse engineer the An-12 for local production.

By 1981, the Chinese copy version of An-12, named Yun-8 (Y-8) entered serial production. Since then, the Y-8 has become one of China's most popular military and civilian transport/cargo aircraft, with many variants produced and exported. Although the An-12 is no longer made in Russia or Ukraine, the Chinese Y-8 continues to be upgraded and produced. The latest Y-8-F600 is a joint venture between Shaanxi Aircraft Company, Antonov Aeronautical Scientific-Technical Complex (ASTC), and Pratt & Whitney Canada. The Y-8-F600 has redesigned fuselage, western avionics, PW150B turboprop engine with an R-408 propeller system, and 2-man glass cockpit.

Variants

  • An-12B : Civilian transport version.
  • An-12BP : Military transport version.
  • An-12 Cub-A : Electronic intelligence version.
  • An-12 Cub-B : Electronic intelligence version.
  • An-12 Cub-C : Electronic countermeasures version.

Operators

Currently the An-12 is very popular with cargo operators, especially those in the CIS, Africa and the Indian subcontinent.

Civil operators


An-12 operators (military operators in red, civil operators in green, and operators for both military and civil purposes in blue)
An-12 operators (military operators in red, civil operators in green, and operators for both military and civil purposes in blue)

In August 2006 a total of 179 Antonov An-12 aircraft remain in airline service. Major operators include: Air Guinee (4), Alada (5), British Gulf International Airlines (7), Avial Aviation (4), Heli Air Service (4), Scorpion Air (4), Tiramavia (4), Aerovis Airlines (5), Veteran Airlines (4), KNAAPO (5), Vega Airlines (6) ATRAN Cargo Airlines (4) and Volare Airlines (6). Some 77 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the type.

 Angola
 Bulgaria
 People's Republic of China
 Egypt
 Guinea
 Ghana
  • Ghana Airways The sole An-12 was delivered in October 1961, registered as 9G-AZZ. Withdrawn from use in 1962 and returned to Soviet Union in 1963.
 Iraq
 Russia
 Soviet Union
 Sri Lanka
  • SriLankan Cargo
 United Arab Emirates
 Ukraine

Military operators


An Egyptian An-12 in Italy (1977)
An Egyptian An-12 in Italy (1977)

YuAF An-12.
YuAF An-12.
 Afghanistan
 Algeria
 Angola
 Bangladesh
 Belarus
 China
 Czech Republic
 Czechoslovakia
  • Czechoslovakian Air Force : Czechoslovakia's fleet numbering two was passed to the Czech Republic upon split with Slovakia. All CzAF An-12s were phased-out of active service in the 1990s.
 Egypt
 Ethiopia
 India
  • The Indian Air Force inducted the first of these aircraft in 1961, when it raised No.44 Squadron "The Himalayan Geese". Six of these aircraft soon took part in airlifting army reinforcements during the 62 War to Ladakh. Subsequently the An-12 was used to raise No.25 Squadron. The An-12s were also used as Heavy bombers during the 71 War. All IAF An-12s were phased-out of active service in the 1990s. One of them is preserved at the IAF museum in Palam, New Delhi.
 Indonesia
 Iraq
 Iran
 Kazakhstan
 Myanmar
 Poland
 Russia
 Soviet Union
 Sudan
 Syria
 Ukraine
 Uzbekistan
 Yemen
 Yugoslavia
 Zimbabwe
  • The AFZ possess a single Antonov An-12 as of August 2008.

Cargo

 Philippines

Specifications (An-12BP)

Data from Global Aircraft, Airliners.net

General characteristics

  • Crew: 5: 2 pilots, flight engineer, navigator, radio operator
  • Capacity: 90 troops
  • Payload: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb)
  • Length: 33.10 m (108 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 38.00 m (124 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 10.53 m (34 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 121.7 m² (1,310 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 28,000 kg (62,000 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 61,000 kg (130,000 lb)
  • Powerplant:Progress AI-20L or AI-20M turboprops, 4,000 ehp (3,000 kW) each

Performance

Armament

Accidents and incidents

On 20 February 2009, an Antonov An-12 of Aerolift crashed after an engine caught fire on take-off at Luxor International Airport, Egypt. All five crew were killed.

In popular culture

In the 2005 movie Lord of War, the main character Yuri Orlov, played by Nicolas Cage, commonly uses an Antonov An-12 to transport weapons, and is later said to have "a fleet" of such planes. Andrew Niccol, the director of Lord of War, stated that they actually used one of Viktor Bout's An-12 aircraft in the movie.

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

External links




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














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