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The CASA/IPTN CN-235 is a medium-range twin-turbo-prop aircraft developed jointly between CASA in Spain and IPTN in Indonesia as a regional airliner and military transport. Amongst its military roles are maritime patrol, surveillance and troop transport. The largest user is Turkey which has a total of 61 aircraft.
Design and development
The project was a joint venture between CASA and Indonesian manufacturer IPTN, which formed Airtech company to manage the programme. Responsibility for design and production was shared at 50% between the two companies. The partnership applied only to the Series 10 and Series 100/110, with later versions being developed independently.
Design began in January 1980 with first flight on 11 November 1983. Spanish and Indonesian certification was on 20 June 1986; the first flight of the production aircraft was on 19 August 1986 and FAA type approval was granted on 3 December 1986. The aircraft entered service on 1 March 1988
In 1995, CASA launched development of a stretched CN-235 as the C-295
The CN-235 was selected by the United States Coast Guard for its Medium Range Surveillance Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MRSMPA) program as the HC-144A . The first HC-144A was delivered by EADS CASA to Lockheed Martin for installation of the mission package in December 2006.
In August 2006, three CASA CN-235-10 aircraft remain in airline service, in Africa, with Safair (two) and Tiko Air (one). Asian Spirit operates a sole CN-235-220 in the Philippines, correct as of June/July 2007.
The Irish Air Corps operates two CASA aircraft in the maritime patrol capacity.
There are at least two CN-235s operating with the United States Air Force for an undisclosed role with the 427th Special Operations Squadron, at the former Pope AFB, NC.
In early July, The Mexican Navy announced they will order six CASA CN-235 from Spain.
CASA CN-235 Variants.|
- CN235-10: Initial production version (15 built by each company), with GE CT7-7A engines.
- CN235-100/110: Generally as series 10, but with GE CT7-9C engines in new composites nacelles; replaced Series 10 in 1988 from 31st production aircraft. Series 100 is Spanish-built, series 110 Indonesian-built, with improved electrical, warning and environmental systems.
- CN235-200/220: Improved version. Structural reinforcements to cater for higher operating weights, aerodynamic improvements to wing leading-edges and rudder, reduced field length requirements and much-increased range with maximum payload. Series 200 is Spanish-built, Series 220 Indonesian-built.
- CN235-300: CASA Modification of 200/220 series, with Honeywell avionics suite. Other features include improved pressurisation and provision for optional twin nosewheel installation.
- CN235-330 Phoenix: Modification of Series 200/220, offered by IPTN with new Honeywell avionics, ARL-2002 EW system and 16.800 kg/37.037 lb MTOW, to Royal Australian Air Force to meet Project Air 5190 tactical airlift requirement, but was forced by financial constraints to withdraw in 1998.
- CN235 MPA: Maritime patrol version
- HC-144 Ocean Sentry: U.S. Coast Guard aircraft designed to replace the HU-25 Guardian.
CN-235 world operators:|
Military operatrs Only government operators Former operators
- Mexican Navy (The Mexican congress approved the budget to purchase 6 CN235-300MPA. The first two are scheduled to be delivered by September 2010.)
- Papua New Guinea
- Republic of Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- South Africa
- Turkish Air Force (50 x CN235-100M)
- Turkish Navy (9 x CN-235 ASW/ASuW MPA with AMASCOS (Airborne Maritime Situation & Control System) of Thales)
- Turkish Coast Guard (3 x CN-235 MPA with AMASCOS (Airborne Maritime Situation & Control System) of Thales)
- United Arab Emirates
- United States
Government and paramilitary operators
- United States
- CIA via non-US Government US civilian contractor (CN235-300M); preferred aircraft for rendition flights
- Crew: two, pilot and co-pilot
- Capacity: up to 45 passengers
- Length: 21.40 m (70 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 25.81 m (84 ft 8 in)
- Height: 8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)
- Wing area: 59.1 m² (636 ft²)
- Empty weight: 9,800 kg (21,605 lb)
- Loaded weight: 15,500 kg (16,500 kg Military load) (34,172 lb (36,376 lb))
- Max takeoff weight: 15,100 kg (33,290 lb)
- Powerplant: 2× General Electric CT7C turboprop, 1,395 kW (1,750 bhp) each
- Maximum speed: 509 km/h (317 mph)
- Range: 5,003 km with max fuel / 2,870 km with 4,000 kg payload (3,108 miles with max fuel / 1,783 miles with 8,818 lb payload)
- Service ceiling: 9,145 m (30,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 542 m/min (1,780 ft/min)
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Published - July 2009