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Tupolev Tu-124

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupolev_Tu-124

Tu-124
ČSA Tu-124
Role Airliner
Manufacturer Tupolev OKB
First flight 29 March 1960
Introduced 2 October 1962
Retired 1980
Status Retired
Primary users Aeroflot
ČSA
Number built 165
Developed from Tupolev Tu-104
Variants Tupolev Tu-134

The Tupolev Tu-124 (NATO codename: Cookpot) was a Soviet short range twinjet airliner capable of carrying 56 passengers.

Design and development

Developed from the medium-range Tupolev Tu-104, the Tu-124 was meant to meet Aeroflot's requirement for a regional airliner to supersede the Ilyushin Il-14. It was very similar to the Tu-104 (merely a scaled-down version). The two were hard to tell apart when seen at a distance. It was not a complete copy of the Tu-104, however. The Tu-124 included a number of refinements, including double-slotted flaps, a large centre-section airbrake, automatic spoilers, and the extension of the wings' trailing edge roots. It also included a drogue parachute to be used in the event of an emergency landing or landing on a slippery surface and low pressure tires in the event of a rough landing surface. It also boosted fuel efficiency, being the first short-range aircraft fitted with turbofans.

Competition with COMECON

DDR competed within COMECON trading block with a four-engined design called Baade B-152 the design was halted and Interflug bought Tu-134 instead.

Variants

Tu-124/Tu-124V
The first production variant. The international demand for it was small, because most foreign airlines were waiting to buy the improved Tupolev Tu-134.
Tu-124K/Tu-124K2
These were the VIP configuration. They were operated by the militaries of Iraq and China, and by the Indian Air Force.
Tu-124Sh-1
Military version used as navigator trainers.
Tu-124Sh-2
Military version used as navigator trainers.

Operators


Tu-124 operators (countries with only military operators in dark red)
Tu-124 operators (countries with only military operators in dark red)

Civil operators

 Czechoslovakia
 East Germany
  • Interflug (operated in Interflug colours, but owned by East German Airforce)
 Iraq
 Soviet Union

Military operators

 People's Republic of China
 Czechoslovakia
 East Germany
 India
 Iraq
 Soviet Union

Specifications (Tu-124V)

General characteristics

  • Crew: three
  • Capacity: 56 passengers
  • Length: 30.58 m (100 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 25.55 m (83 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 8.08 m (26 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 119 m² (1,280 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 22,500 kg (49,500 lb)
  • Useful load: 30,000 kg (67,000 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 38,000 kg (84,000 lb)
  • Powerplant:Soloviev D-20P turbofans, 52.9 kN (11,900 lbf) each

Performance

See also

Related development Tu-16 - Tu-104 - Tu-107 - Tu-110
Comparable aircraft

Related lists List of airliners




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Published - July 2009














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