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List of V-2 test launches

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_V-2_test_launches

World War II test launches of the A4 rocket, better known as the V-2 rocket, were made at Test Stand VII, Blizna and Tuchola Forest using experimental and production rockets fabricated at Peenemünde and at the Mittelwerk. Post war test launches were conducted at Cuxhaven, White Sands Proving Grounds, Cape Canaveral, and Kapustin Yar.

List of test launches at Peenemünde and the Greifswalder Oie

Launches of A4b

Launch Sites:

  • P-VI = Test Stand VI (Prüfstand VI)
  • P-VII = Test Stand VII (Prüfstand VII)
  • P-X = Test Stand X (Prüfstand X)
  • P-XII = Test Stand XII (Prüfstand XII)
  • Oie = Greifswalder Oie, a small island used for vertical launches
  • Karlshagen = area of destroyed settlement Karlshagen after air raid on 17 August 1943
  • Rail = Launches from a train

Blizna test launch list

Tuchola forest test launch list

Launches at Operation Backfire near Cuxhaven

Date Time Maximum height Length of flight Remarks
2 October 1945 14h41 69.4 km 249.4 km
4 October 1945 14h16 17.4 km 24 km Engine failure shortly after launch
15 October 1945 15h06 64 km 233 km Some sources indicate launch took place on 14 October 1945

Launches of captured V-2 rockets in the USA after 1945

Rocket number Time Launch site Pad Maximum altitude (kilometres) Remarks
1946
1 15 March 1946 White Sands n/a Static test firing of V-2 Engine
2 16 April 1946 White Sands Pad 33 5.5 Radio cut-off 19.5 s after launch, Fin 4 failed prior to cut off
3 10 May 1946 White Sands Pad 33 112.6 Nominal flight
4 29 May 1946 White Sands Pad 33 112.1 Nominal flight
5 13 June 1946 White Sands Pad 33 117.4 Nominal flight
6 28 June 1946 White Sands Pad 33 107.8 Nose separation failure
7 9 July 1946 White Sands Pad 33 134.4 Nominal performance
8 19 July 1946 White Sands Pad 33 4.824 Oxygen pump exploded
9 30 July 1946 White Sands Pad 33 161.5 Nominal performance
10 15 August 1946 White Sands Pad 33 6.4 Radio cut-off 16.5 s after launch
11 22 August 1946 White Sands Pad 33 0 Control failure led to cut-off command at 6.5s
12 10 October 1946 White Sands Pad 33 173.8 Nominal performance
13 24 October 1946 White Sands Pad 33 104.6 Sub-normal propulsion performance
14 7 November 1946 White Sands Pad 33 0.32 Guidance failure preceded emergency cut-off at 31s
15 21 November 1946 White Sands Pad 33 101.4 Sub-normal propulsion performance
16 5 December 1946 White Sands Pad 33 152.9 Control system failed at altitude
17 17 December 1946 White Sands Pad 33 183.4 Rocket exploded at 440s.
1947
18 10 January 1947 White Sands Pad 33 116.2 Degraded performance led to roll rate of 60 rpm.
19 23 January 1947 White Sands Pad 33 49.9 Degraded performance led to roll rate of 80 rpm.
20 20 February 1947 White Sands Pad 33 109.4 Blossom 1 - Propulsion degraded at 55.5s.
21 7 March 1947 White Sands Pad 33 162.5 Nominal performance
22 1 April 1947 White Sands Pad 33 129.2 Nominal performance
23 8 April 1947 White Sands Pad 33 102.2 Nominal performance
24 17 April 1947 White Sands Pad 33 142.4 Successful test of ram-jet payload
26 15 May 1947 White Sands Pad 33 135.2 Internal explosion at 64.3s.
H-II # 0 29 May 1947 White Sands Pad 33 79.3 Hermes II prototype with dummy Organ ramjet test. Lost control after 4s and crashed outside range near Juarez, Mexico.
29 10 July 1947 White Sands Pad 33 16.25 Early yaw led to termination at 32s.
30 29 July 1947 White Sands Pad 33 160.7 Near vertical trajectory.
28 6 September 1947 USS Midway 1.5 Operation Sandy. Aircraft carrier launch successful. Exploded at 1524 m
27 9 October 1947 White Sands Pad 33 156.1 Internal explosion at 83.5s
GE-Sp 20 November 1947 White Sands Pad 33 26.7 GE technology proving flight
28 8 December 1947 White Sands Pad 33 104,6 Stable flight but less than planned altitude
1948
34 22 January 1948 White Sands Pad 33 159.3 Payload separation failure
36 6 February 1948 White Sands Pad 33 111 Successfully manoeuvred by ground control for first 40s of fligh
39 19 March 1948 White Sands Pad 33 5.5 Low altitude flight prevented any data recovery
25 2 April 1948 White Sands Pad 33 144 Three previous launch attempts failed in year prior. Excellent performance
38 19 April 1948 White Sands Pad 33 56 Faulty steering led to high roll rate and then flight termination
Bumper-1 13 May 1948 White Sands Pad 33 127.3 Bumper 1 Premature cut-off of WAC 2nd stage
35 27 May 1948 White Sands Pad 33 139.7 Steady flight with low roll rate
37 11 June 1948 White Sands Pad 33 62.3 Blossom 2 - Cut-off at 57.7s; payload separation at 96s
40 26 July 1948 White Sands Pad 33 86.9 Turbine overspeed led to premature propellad cut-off at 61s. 2rpm roll began at 70s
43 5 August 1948 White Sands Pad 33 165.7 Nominal performance
Bumper-2 19 August 1948 White Sands Pad 33 13.4 Bumper 2 First stage failed due to propellant flow interruption
33 2 September 1948 White Sands Pad 33 150.6 Vehicle broke-up at 370s at 84 km altitude.
Bumper-3 30 September 1948 White Sands Pad 33 150.3 Bumper 3 WAC stage failed
Bumper-4 1 November 1948 White Sands Pad 33 4.8 Bumper 4 Explosion in tail of V-2
44 18 November 1948 White Sands Pad 33 145.3 First Hermes B 'Organ' test of ramjet diffuser in place of payload section. Nominal performance.
42 9 December 1948 White Sands Pad 33 108.4 Vane failure at 22s caused erratic flight
1949
H-II # 1 13 January 1949 White Sands Pad 33 1st Hermes II test
45 28 January 1949 White Sands Pad 33 59.9 Defective performance
48 17 February 1949 White Sands Pad 33 100.6 Nominal performance
Bumper-5 24 February 1949 White Sands Pad 33 129 Successful flight. Separation of stages at 32.2 km
41 21 March 1949 White Sands Pad 33 133.5 Blossom 3 - Parachute not ejected
50 11 April 1949 White Sands Pad 33 87.2 Degraded performance from 43s
Bumper-6 21 April 1949 White Sands Pad 33 49.9 Premature V-2 cut-off; WAC stage failed to fire
46 5 May 1949 White Sands Pad 33 8.85 Second Hermes II 'Organ' test of ramjet diffuser in place of payload section
47 14 June 1949 White Sands Pad 33 133.5 Blossom 4 - Nominal performance.
32 16 September 1949 White Sands Pad 33 4.2 Blossom 5 - payload. Explosions led to early termination
49 29 September 1949 White Sands Pad 33 150.8 Nominal performance.
H-II # 2 6 October 1949 White Sands Pad 33 2nd Hermes II test.
56 18 November 1949 White Sands Pad 33 123.9 Nominal performance.
31 8 December 1949 White Sands Pad 33 130.3 Blossom 6 - Excellent performance
1950
53 17 February 1950 White Sands Pad 33 148.7 Nominal performance.
Bumper-8 24 July 1950 Cape Canaveral LC 3 16.1 Low-angle atmospheric flight over 320 km range
Bumper-7 29 July 1950 Cape Canaveral LC 3 16.1 Low-angle atmospheric flight over 320 km range
51 31 August 1950 White Sands Pad 33 136.4 Blossom 7- Nominal performance.
61 26 October 1950 White Sands Pad 33 8 Explosion at 50s at Mach 3 terminated flight
H-II # 3 11 November 1950 White Sands Pad 33 3rd and Final Hermes II test
1951
54 18 January 1951 White Sands Pad 33 1.6 Stalled on pad for 13s then rose slowly for 38s before exploding
57 8 March 1951 White Sands Pad 33 3.1 Blossom 8 - Three explosions at 15.5; 18.5 and 19.5s destroying til section
55 14 June 1951 White Sands Pad 33 0 Exploded on pad at start of main-stage thrust after rising 6-inches
52 28 June 1951 White Sands Pad 33 5.8 Blossom 9 - Tail explosion at 8s and then cut-off signal given at 22s.
TF-1 22 August 1951 White Sands Pad 33 213.4 Army training test (last 5 launches by "Broomstick Scientists")[16][17]
60 29 October 1951 White Sands Pad 33 140.9 Army training test. Payload released but damaged on impact.
1952
59 20 May 1952 White Sands Pad 33 103.5 Army training test. * Also designated TF-2
TF-3 22 August 1952 White Sands Pad 33 78 Army training test. Thrust decreased after 53s. Tail separation at 217s.
TF-5 19 September 1952 White Sands Pad 33 27 Army training test. Tail explosion at 27s terminating thrust.

Launches of Russian replicas of V2

Rocket number Date Launch site Range Remarks
T-01 18 October 1947 Kapustin Yar 207 Vehicle disintegrated at atmospheric reentry
T-02 20 October 1947 Kapustin Yar 231 Deviated 181 kilometres from intended flight path
T-03 23 October 1947 Kapustin Yar 29 Observation of vehicle was hampered by low cloud cover. Vehicle disintegrated, possibly due to the warhead failure.
T-04 28 October 1947 Kapustin Yar 29 Success
T-05 31 October 1947 Kapustin Yar 2 Started rolling after lift-off and crashed
T-06 2 November 1947 Kapustin Yar 260 Success
T-07 Kapustin Yar 260 Lost fins after launch
T-08 4 November 1947 Kapustin Yar 268 Success
T-09 10 November 1947 Kapustin Yar 24 Control failure
T-10 13 November 1947 Kapustin Yar 270 Broke-up upon re-emtry. Landed within 180m of target.
T-11 Kapustin Yar 270 Launched 5-hours after previous rocket and landed within 700m of target

Rocket destination

  • V = Versuchsmuster (English: Test/Experimental Type)
  • MW serial rocket from Mittelwerk)

External links

See also




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Published - July 2009














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