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List of satellites in geosynchronous orbit

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_satellites_in_geosynchronous_orbit

This is the list of satellites in geosynchronous orbit. These satellites are commonly used for communication purposes, such as radio and television networks, backhaul, and direct broadcast. Traditional global navigation systems do not use geosynchronous satellites, but some SBAS navigation satellites do. A number of weather satellites are also present in geosynchronous orbits.

Listings are from west to east (increasing longitude) by orbital position, starting and ending with the International Date Line.

Note that some of these satellites are separated from each other by as little as 1/10th of a degree longitude. While that may seem like very little separation, and it is, at geosynchronous altitude (nearly 36,000 km), each degree of circumference is approximately 736 km, (457 mi).

[edit] Western Hemisphere

Location Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (GMT) All locations Remarks As of
148.0°W EchoStar-1 Lockheed Martin AS-7000 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 28 December 1995, Long March 2E 119°W (1996-1999), 148.0°W (1999—) Scheduled to move to 77°W soon 2009-02-06
139.0°W Americom-8 Lockheed Martin A2100A US SES Americom & AT&T Alascom Television and radio broadcasting 24 C band (Canada, Caribbean, mainland USA) 19 December 2000, Ariane 5G Previously GE-8 for GE Americom; also known as Aurora III; replaced Satcom C-5 in March 2001 2008-11-20
137.0°W Americom-7 Lockheed Martin A2100A US SES Americom Television and radio broadcasting Mainland USA, Canada, Mexico 14 September 2000, Ariane 5G Previously GE-7 for GE Americom 2008-11-20
135.0°W Americom-10 Lockheed Martin A2100A US SES Americom Television and Radio Broadcasting Mainland USA, Canada, Caribbean, Mexico 5 February 2004, Atlas IIAS 2008-11-20
133.0°W Galaxy-15 Orbital Sciences Corporation Star-2 US Intelsat Television/Radio Broadcasting, WAAS PRN #135 13 October 2005, Ariane 5G 2008-11-20
131.0°W Americom-11 Lockheed Martin A2100A US SES Americom Television and Radio Broadcasting 24 C-Band Transponders Mainland USA, Canada, Caribbean, Mexico 19 May 2005, Atlas IIAS 2008-11-20
129.0°W Galaxy-27 Space Systems/Loral FS-1300 US Intelsat Television broadcasting & Satellite Internet Access 25 September 1999, Ariane 44LP Formerly known as IA-7 and Telstar-7 2008-11-20
EchoStar-5 Space Systems/Loral FS-1300 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 23 September 1999, Atlas IIAS Scheduled to move to 148°W soon 2009-02-06
Ciel-2 Thales Alenia Space Spacebus 4000 C4 Canada Ciel Satellite Group Direct Broadcasting 10 December 2008, Proton-M Leased to Echostar/Dish Network 2009-02-06
127.0°W Galaxy-13 Boeing BSS-601 US Intelsat 24 C-Band transponders 1 October 2003, Zenit-3SL Same satellite as Horizons-1 2008-11-20
Horizons-1 Boeing BSS-601 US Japan Satellite Systems 24 Ku-Band transponders 1 October 2003, Zenit-3SL Same satellite as Galaxy-13 2008-11-20
125.0°W Galaxy-14 Orbital Sciences Corporation Star-2 US Intelsat 24 C-Band transponders - North America 13 August 2005, Soyuz-FG/Fregat 2008-11-20
123.0°W Galaxy-12 Orbital Sciences Corporation Star-2 US Intelsat 9 April 2003, Ariane 5G spare 2008-11-26
Galaxy-18 Space Systems/Loral LS-1300 US Intelsat Television and radio broadcasting North America 21 May 2008, Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite 2008-11-19
121.0°W Galaxy-23 Space Systems/Loral FS-1300 US Intelsat Direct Broadcasting North America 7 August 2003, Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; C-band payload referred to as Galaxy-23 2008-11-26
EchoStar-9 Space Systems/Loral FS-1300 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting North America 7 August 2003, Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; Ku/Ka-band payload referred to as EchoStar-9 2008-11-26
119.0°W DirecTV-7S Space Systems/Loral LS-1300 US DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 54 Ku-band transponders 4 May 2004, Zenit-3SL 8 active transponders at this time 2008-11-26
EchoStar-7 Lockheed Martin A2100AX US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 32 Ku-band transponders 21 February 2002, Atlas IIIB 21 active transponders at this time 2008-11-26
118.8°W Anik F3 EADS Astrium Eurostar-3000S Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 24 C-band transponders, 32 Ku-band transponders, 2 Ka-band transponders 11 April 2007, Proton Ku-Band leased to Echostar/Dish Network 2008-11-26
116.8°W SatMex-5 Hughes HS-601HP Mexico Satmex 24 C-band transponders, 24 Ku-band transponders 5 December 1998, Ariane 42L 2008-11-26
115.0°W XM-Blues US 30 October 2006, Zenit-3SL
Solidaridad-2 Mexico Satmex 8 October 1994, Ariane 44L
113.0°W Satmex-6 Mexico Satmex 27 May 2006, Ariane 5-ECA
111.1°W Anik F2 Boeing 702 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 17 July 2004, Ariane 5G Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite
110.0°W EchoStar-11 Space Systems/Loral LS-1300 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 17 July 2008, Zenit-3SL 2008-11-19
EchoStar-10 A2100AXS US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 15 February 2006, Zenit-3SL
DirecTV-5 LS-1300 US DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 7 May 2002, Proton 32 Ku-band transponders
107.3°W Anik F1 Boeing 702 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 21 November 2000, Ariane 44L Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite; will be replaced by Anik F1R
Anik F1R Eurostar-3000 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting, WAAS PRN #138 8 September 2005, Proton Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite; will replace Anik F1
105.0°W AMC-18 A2100A US SES Americom Direct Broadcasting Mainland USA, Canada, Caribbean, Mexico 8 December 2006, Ariane 5
Americom-15 A2100AXS US SES Americom Direct Broadcasting CONUS, Alaska, Hawaii 15 October 2004, Proton-M Hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite; twin of Americom-16
103.0°W Americom-1 A2100A US SES Americom Mainland USA, Canada, Mexico, Caribbean 8 September 1996, Atlas IIA Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
102.8°W SPACEWAY-1 Boeing 702 US DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 26 April 2005, Zenit-3SL
101.2°W DirecTV-4S Boeing 601 US DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 27 November 2001, Ariane 44LP 48 Ku-band transponders
101.1°W DirecTV-9S LS-1300 US DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 13 October 2006, Ariane 5-ECA
101.0°W AMC-4 A2100AX US SES Americom Mainland USA, Canada, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America 13 November 1999, Ariane 44LP Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
100.8°W DirecTV-8 LS-1300 US DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 22 May 2005, Proton Hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite
99.2°W SPACEWAY-2 US 16 November 2005, Ariane 5-ECA
99.0°W Galaxy-16 FS-1300 Intelsat 18 June 2006, Zenit-3SL
97.0°W Galaxy-19 Space Systems/Loral FS-1300 US Intelsat Television and Radio Broadcasting 24 C- and 28 Ku-band transponders North America 24 September 2008, Zenit-3SL 2008-11-20
95.0°W Galaxy 3C US 15 June 2002, Zenit-3SL
93.0°W Galaxy-26 SSL FS-1300 US 15 February 1999, Proton-K
91.0°W Nimiq 1 A2100AX Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 20 May 1999, Proton 32 Ku-band transponders
Galaxy 17 Spacebus-3000B3 US Intelsat Television and radio broadcasting North America 4 May 2007, Ariane 5-ECA 74°W July 2007 to March 2008 Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite 2008-06-13
89.0°W Galaxy-28 FS-1300 ITSO Intelsat The Americas 23 June 2005, Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; launched as Telstar 8
87.0°W AMC 3 A2100A US SES Americom Mainland USA, Canada, Mexico, Caribbean 4 September 1997, Atlas IIA Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
85.0°W XM-Rhythm Boeing 702 US XM Satellie Radio Holdings Radio Broadcasting CONUS 28 February 2005, Zenit-3SL
Americom-2 A2100A US SES Americom Direct Broadcasting Mainland USA, Canada, Mexico 30 January 1997, Ariane 44L
Americom-16 A2100AXS US SES Americom Direct Broadcasting CONUS, Alaska, Hawaii 17 December 2004, Atlas V (521) Hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite; twin of Americom-15
84.0°W Brasilsat-B3 Brazil 4 February 1998, Ariane 44LP
83.0°W Americom-9 3000B3 US SES Americom Direct Broadcasting CONUS, Canada, Mexico, Central America, Caribbean 7 June 2003, Proton Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
82.0°W Nimiq 2 A2100AX Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 29 December 2002, Proton Hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite
Nimiq 3 HS-601 Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 9 June 1995, Ariane 42P Previously DirecTV-3 for DirecTV
80.9°W SBS-6 HS-393 US Intelsat Television and Radio Broadcasting 12 October 1990, Ariane 44L 74°W Nov 1995 to Jan 2008 Beyond expected end of life. Serves Argentina now 2008-06-13
79.0°W Americom-5 Spacebus-2000 US SES Americom CONUS, Canada, Mexico 28 October 1998, Ariane 44L
Satcom C3 US 10 September 1992, Ariane 44LP Inclined orbit
77.0°W EchoStar-4 A2100AX US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 8 May 1998, Proton spare
EchoStar-8 FS-1300 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 21 August 2002, Proton 110°W 2008-11-19
76.8°W Galaxy 4R US 19 April 2000, Ariane 42L Inclined orbit
75.0°W Brasilsat-B1 Brazil 10 August 1994, Ariane 44LP
74.9°W Galaxy-9 US 24 May 1996, Delta II (7925) spare
74.0°W Horizons-2 STAR Bus US Intelsat JSAT Television and Radio Broadcasting CONUS Canada Caribbean 21 December 2007, Ariane 5GS 20 Ku Xpndrs 2008-06-13
72.7°W EchoStar-6 FS-1300 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 14 July 2000, Atlas IIAS 2008-11-19
72.5°W Directv-1R US 10 October 1999, Zenit-3SL
72.0°W AMC-6 A2100AX US SES Americom CONUS, Canada, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America 22 October 2000, Proton-M Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite; a portion of the Ku-band payload is dedicated to South America
71.0°W Nahuel-1A Argentina 30 January 1997, Ariane 44L
70.0°W Brasilsat-B4 Brazil 17 August 2000, Ariane 44LP
65.0°W Brasilsat-B2 Brazil 28 March 1995, Ariane 44LP+
63.0°W Estrela do Sul 1 Brazil 11 January 2004, Zenit-3SL
61.5°W EchoStar-12 A2100AXS US 17 July 2003, Atlas V (521) Formerly Rainbow-1, purchased from VOOM
EchoStar-3 A2100AX US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 5 October 1997, Atlas IIAS
61.0ºW Hispasat Amazonas Spain 4 August 2004, Proton-M
58.0°W Intelsat-9 HS601HP US 28 July 2000, Zenit-3SL formerly PAS-9
55.5°W Intelsat-805 ITSO 18 June 1998, Atlas IIAS
53.0°W Intelsat-707 ITSO 14 March 1996, Ariane 4
50.0°W Intelsat-705 ITSO 22 March 1995, Atlas IIAS
45.0°W Intelsat-1R HS702 US 16 November 2000, Ariane 5G formerly PAS-1R
43.1°W Intelsat-3R HS601 US 12 January 1996, Ariane 44L formerly PAS-3R
43.0°W Intelsat-6B HS601HP 22 December 1998, Ariane 42L formerly PAS-6B
40.5°W NSS-806 LM AS-7000 Netherlands 28 February 1998, Atlas IIAS
37.5°W NSS-10 Spacebus 4000C3 3 February 2005, Proton
Telstar-11 US Inclined orbit
34.5°W Intelsat-903 ITSO 30 March 2002, Proton-K
31.5°W Intelsat-801 ITSO 1 March 1997, Ariane 44P
30.0°W Hispasat-1C Spain 3 February 2000, Atlas IIAS
Hispasat-1D Spain 18 September 2002, Atlas IIAS
27.5°W Intelsat-907 ITSO 15 February 2003, Ariane 44L
24.5°W Intelsat-905 ITSO 5 June 2002, Ariane 44L
24.0°W Cosmos 2379 Russia Inclined orbit
22.0°W NSS-7 LM A2100AX Netherlands 16 April 2002, Ariane 44L
20.0°W Intelsat-603 ITSO 14 March 1990, Commercial Titan III Inclined orbit
18.0°W Intelsat-901 ITSO 9 June 2001, Ariane 44L
15.5°W Inmarsat 3 F2 IMSO EGNOS PRN #120 6 September 1996, Proton-K
15.0°W Telstar 12 SSL US 19 October 1999, Ariane 44LP
14.0°W Gorizont 32 Russia Inclined orbit
Express-A4 Russia
12.5°W Atlantic Bird 1 EUMETSAT 28 August 2002, Ariane 5G
11.0°W Express-A3 Russia 24 June 2000, Proton-K
8.0°W Atlantic Bird 2 Eutelsat 25 September 2001, Ariane 44P
Telecom 2D France 8 August 1996, Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
7.0°W Nilesat 101 Egypt 28 April 1998, Ariane 44P
Nilesat 102 Egypt 17 August 2000, Ariane 44LP
Nilesat 103 Egypt 27 February 1998, Ariane 42P
Atlantic Bird 4 Eutelsat 27 February 1998, Ariane 42P
5.0°W Atlantic Bird 3 Eutelsat
4.0°W AMOS 1 Israel 16 May 1996, Ariane 44L
AMOS 2 Israel 27 December 2003, Soyuz-FG/Fregat
3.4°W Meteosat 8 28 August 2002, Ariane 5G
1.0°W Intelsat 10-02 ITSO 16 June 2004, Proton-M
0.8°W Thor 2 Norway 20 May 1997, Delta II
Thor 3 Norway 10 June 1998, Delta II (7925-9.5)

[edit] Eastern Hemisphere

Location Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (GMT) All locations Remarks As of
0.5°E Meteosat 7 ESA Weather satellite 2 September 1997, Ariane 44LP Inclined orbit
3.0°E Telecom 2A 16 December 1991, Ariane 44L
4.0°E Eurobird 4 Eutelsat 2 September 1997, Ariane 44LP
4.8°E Sirius 4 A2100AX Sweden SES Sirius Comsat 52 Ku-band covering Europe
2 Ka-band covering Scandinavia
17 November 2007, Proton M 2007-11-18
Astra 1C Luxembourg 12 May 1993, Ariane 42L 0.9° inclined orbit
5.0°E Sirius 3 Sweden 5 October 1998, Ariane 44L
5.2°E Astra 1A GE 4000 11 December 1988, Ariane 44LP
6.0°E Skynet 4F Military communications 7 February 2001, Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
7.0°E Eutelsat W3A Eutelsat 15 March 2004, Proton-M
9.0°E Eurobird 9 Eutelsat 21 November 1996, Atlas IIA formerly Hot Bird 2
9.5°E Meteosat 6 ESA Weather satellite 20 November 1993, Ariane 44LP Inclined orbit
10.0°E Eutelsat W1 Eutelsat 6 September 2000, Ariane 44P
12.5°E Raduga 29 Russia Inclined orbit
13.0°E Hot Bird 6 Eutelsat 21 August 2002, Atlas V (401)
Hot Bird 7A Eutelsat 11 March 2006, Ariane 5-ECA
Hot Bird 8 Eutelsat 4 August 2006, Proton
16.0°E Eutelsat W2 Eutelsat 5 October 1998, Ariane 44L
19.2°E Astra 1E Luxembourg 19 October 1995, Ariane 42L
Astra 1F Luxembourg 8 April 1996, Proton-K
Astra 1G Luxembourg 12 November 1997, Proton-K
Astra 1H Luxembourg 18 June 1999, Proton-K
Astra 1KR Luxembourg 20 April 2006, Atlas V (411)
Astra 1L Luxembourg 4 May 2007, Ariane 5-ECA
20.0°E Arabsat 2A 9 July 1996, Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
21.0°E AfriStar US 28 October 1998, Ariane 44L
21.5°E Eutelsat W6
Artemis ESA EGNOS PRN #124 12 July 2001, Ariane 5G Inclined orbit.
23.5°E Astra 3A Luxembourg 29 March 2002, Ariane 44L
25.0°E Inmarsat 3 F5 IMSO EGNOS PRN #126 4 February 1998, Ariane 44LP
25.5ºE Eurobird 2 Eutelsat
25.8°E Badr 2
26.0°E Badr 3
26.2°E Badr C
28.2°E Astra 2A HS601HP Luxembourg
Astra 2B Luxembourg 14 September 2000, Ariane 5G
Astra 2C Luxembourg 16 June 2001, Proton-K
Astra 2D Luxembourg 20 December 2000, Ariane 5G
28.5°E Eurobird 1 Spacebus 3000 Eutelsat 8 March 2001, Ariane 5G
30.5°E Arabsat 2B Arabsat 13 November 1996, Ariane 44L
31.3°E Astra 1D HS-601 Luxembourg SES Astra Comsat 24 Ku-band 1 November 1994, Ariane 4 19.2°E (1994-1998)
28.2°E (1998)
19.2°E (1998-1999)
28.2°E (1999-2001)
24.2°E (2001-2003)
23.0°E (2003-2004)
23.5°E (2004-2007)
30.0°E (2007—)
2007-11-14
31.5°E Sirius 2 Sweden
33.0°E Eurobird 3 Eutelsat 27 September 2003, Ariane 5G
Intelsat 802 LM-3000 ITSO 25 June 1997, Ariane 44P
36.0°E Eutelsat Sesat 1 Eutelsat 17 April 2000, Proton-K
Eutelsat W4 Eutelsat 24 May 2000, Atlas IIIA
38.0°E Paksat 1 Pakistan
39.0°E Hellas Sat 2 Greece 13 May 2003, Atlas V (401)
40.0°E Express AM1 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) 29 October 2004, Proton-M
42.0°E Turksat 1C Turkey Turksat Comsat 16 Ku-band 9 July 1996, Ariane 44L 42°E
Turksat 2A Turkey Turksat Comsat 34 Ku-band 10 January 2001, Ariane 44P 42°E
45.0°E Intelsat 12 ESA
49.0°E Yamal 202 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) 24 November 2003, Proton-K
53.0°E Express AM22 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik)/Eutelsat 28 December 2003, Proton-K
56.0°E Bonum 1 Russia 22 November 1998, Delta II (7925-9.5)
68.5°E Intelsat 7 SSL FS-1300 ESA 16 September 1998, Ariane 44LP
Intelsat 10 HS601HP US 15 May 2001, Proton-K
74.0°E INSAT-3C India 23 January 2002, Ariane 42L
KALPANA-1 India ISRO Weather satellite N/A 12 September 2002, PSLV 74.0°E (2002—) Originally MetSat-1. Renamed in 2003 in memory of Kalpana Chawla, an astronaut killed in the Columbia accident 2007-10-27
EDUSAT ISRO Educational communication satellite 6 Ka-band and 6 C-band transmitters, covering India 20 September 2004, GSLV 74.0°E (2004—) Also known as GSAT-3 2007-10-27
INSAT-4CR India INSAT DTH, VPT and DSNG communication 12 Ku-band covering India 2 September 2007, GSLV 74.0°E (2007—) 2007-10-27
75.0°E ABS 1 Lockheed Martin Intersputnik 26 September 1999, Proton-K
79.0°E Esafi 1 HS-351 Tongasat Comsat 21 February 1981, Atlas-Centaur 142.0°W (1981)
127°W (1981-1985)
76.0°W (1985-2001)
69.5°E (2001-2002)
70°E (2002-2007)
79.0°E (2007—)
Originally Comstar-4 for LMGT. Ranamed Parallax-1 in 2001 and operated by SSC Parallax. Purchased by Tongasat and renamed Esafi-1 in 2002 2007-11-10
80.0°E Express AM2 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) 29 March 2005, Proton-K
90.0°E Yamal 101 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) 6 September 1999, Proton-K
Yamal 201 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) 24 November 2003, Proton-K
91.5°E MEASAT-1 12 January 1996, Ariane 44L
MEASAT-3 Malaysia 11 December 2006, Proton-M
96.0°E Express AM33 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) 28 January 2008, Proton-M
140.0°E Express AM3 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) 24 June 2005, Proton-K
146.0°E Agila 2 Philippines Space Systems/Loral Comsat, TV and Radio Broadcasting Southeast Asia 19 August 1997, Long March 3B
148.0°E MEASAT-2 Malaysia 13 November 1996, Ariane 44L
152.0°E Optus B3 BS601 Australia Optus/Commonwealth Bank Comsat 27 August 1994, Long March 2E 152.0°E (1994-1995)
156.0°E (1995-2003)
152.0°E (2003—)
2007-10-28
Optus D2 STAR-2 Australia Optus Comsat 5 October 2007, Ariane 5GS 152.0°E (2007—) 2007-10-28
166.0°E Intelsat 8 SSL FS-1300 US 4 November 1998, Proton-K

[edit] In transit

En route to Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (GMT) Previous locations Remarks As of
65.0°W Star One C1 SB3000/B3 Brazil Star One Broadcast comsat 28 C-band
14 Ku-band
1 X-band, covering South America
14 November 2007, Ariane 5-ECA 2007-11-14
53.0°E Skynet 5B E3000 UK Ministry of Defence/Paradigm Military comsat 14 November 2007, Ariane 5-ECA 2007-11-14
5.0°E Sirius 4 A2100AX Sweden SES Sirius Comsat 52 Ku-band covering Europe
2 Ka-band covering Scandinavia
17 November 2007, Proton-M 2007-11-18
93.1°W Galaxy-25 SSL FS-1300 US 24 May 1997, Proton-K formerly Telstar 5 2008-11-20

[edit] Historical

Date of disposal Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (GMT) Locations Remarks As of
2006-10-01
20:37 GMT
Thaicom 3 SpaceBus 3000A Thailand Shin Satellite Comsat Middle East and South Asia 16 April 1997, Ariane 44LP 78.5°E Retired after power system failure 2008-01-01[1]
2008-11-09[2] NigComSat-1 DFH-4 Nigeria NASRDA Communication satellite 4 C-band, 14 Ku-band & 2 L-band covering Africa. 8 Ka-band covering Africa and Italy 13 May 2007, Long March 3B 42.5°E (2007-2008) Power system failure[2] 2008-11-19
2008-07-14 EchoStar-2 AS-7000 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 11 September 1996, Ariane 4 119°W (1996-1999), 148.0°W (1999—2008) Failed in orbit 2008-07-14, slowly drifting east 2008-11-19

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Published - July 2009














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