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List of human spaceflights to Mir

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_human_spaceflights_to_Mir


Space Shuttle Atlantis docked to Mir on July 4, 1995 during STS-71
Space Shuttle Atlantis docked to Mir on July 4, 1995 during STS-71

Soyuz TM-20 is docked to the bottom of Mir, as seen from Space Shuttle Discovery in February 1995 during STS-63
Soyuz TM-20 is docked to the bottom of Mir, as seen from Space Shuttle Discovery in February 1995 during STS-63

This is a list of spacecraft and crews that visited Mir, a Russian space station. Unmanned visiting spacecraft are excluded (see List of unmanned spaceflights to Mir for details). Mir crew members are listed in bold. "Time Docked" refers to the spacecraft and does not always correspond to the crew.

Mir's core module was launched on 19 February 1986. The space station was largely assembled while in orbit and had many short-term visitors (about a week aboard Mir) as well as many long-term crew members (from 6 months up to Valeri Polyakov's 14 month stay at the space station beginning in January 1994, which still holds the record for the longest continuous spaceflight by a single person).

Many of the crew who visited Mir used different spacecraft to launch than they did to land; the first such examples were Aleksandr Viktorenko and Muhammed Faris who flew up in Soyuz TM-3 (launched 22 July 1987) and landed a week later in Soyuz TM-2 on 30 July 1987. The largest crew aboard Mir simultaneously (not including the NASA Space Shuttle missions) was 6, which first occurred with the launch of Soyuz TM-7 on 26 November 1988 and lasted for just over three weeks. Mir existed until 23 March 2001. At that day it was deliberately de-orbited and broke apart during atmospheric reentry.

Mission Crew Crew Photo Crew Patch Notes
1. Soyuz T-15
Launch:
13 March 1986
Time Docked:
~71 days
Leonid Kizim

Vladimir Solovyov

Delivered Mir EO-1 crew

Also visited Salyut 7

2. Soyuz TM-2
Launch:
5 February 1987
Time Docked:
~172 days
Yuri Romanenko

Aleksandr Laveykin

Delivered Mir EO-2 crew
3. Soyuz TM-3
Launch:
22 July 1987
Time Docked:
~158 days
Aleksandr Aleksandrov

Aleksandr Viktorenko
Muhammed Faris

Delivered Aleksandrov for Mir EO-2 crew

Viktorenko and Faris returend on Soyuz TM-2 after 8 days

4. Soyuz TM-4
Launch:
21 December 1987
Time Docked:
~177 days
Vladimir Titov

Musa Manarov
Anatoli Levchenko

Delivered Mir EO-3 crew

Levchenko returned on Soyuz TM-3 after 8 days

5. Soyuz TM-5
Launch:
7 June 1988
Time Docked:
~90 days
Anatoly Solovyev

Viktor Savinykh
Aleksandr Aleksandrov

All three crew returned on Soyuz TM-4 after 10 days
6. Soyuz TM-6
Launch:
29 August 1988
Time Docked:
~112 days
Valeri Polyakov

Vladimir Lyakhov
Abdul Ahad Mohmand

Delivered Polyakov for Mir EO-3 crew

Lyakhov and Mohmand returned on Soyuz TM-5 after 9 days

7. Soyuz TM-7
Launch:
26 November 1988
Time Docked:
~149 days
Aleksandr Volkov

Sergei Krikalev
Jean-Loup Chrétien

Delivered Mir EO-4 crew

Chrétien returned on Soyuz TM-6 after 25 days

8. Soyuz TM-8
Launch:
5 September 1989
Time Docked:
~165 days
Aleksandr Viktorenko

Aleksandr Serebrov

Delivered Mir EO-5 crew
9. Soyuz TM-9
Launch:
11 February 1990
Time Docked:
~177 days
Anatoly Solovyev

Aleksandr Balandin

Delivered Mir EO-6 crew
10. Soyuz TM-10
Launch:
1 August 1990
Time Docked:
~129 days
Gennadi Manakov

Gennady Strekalov

Delivered Mir EO-7 crew
11. Soyuz TM-11
Launch:
1 December 1990
Time Docked:
~173 days
Viktor Afanasyev

Musa Manarov
Toyohiro Akiyama

Delivered Mir EO-8 crew

Akiyama returned on Soyuz TM-10 after 8 days

12. Soyuz TM-12
Launch:
18 May 1991
Time Docked:
~142 days
Anatoly Artsebarsky

/ Sergei Krikalev
Helen Sharman

Delivered Mir EO-9 crew

Sharman returned on Soyuz TM-11 after 8 days

13. Soyuz TM-13
Launch:
2 October 1991
Time Docked:
~173 days
/ Aleksandr Volkov

Toktar Aubakirov
Franz Viehböck

Delivered Mir EO-10 crew

Aubakirov and Viehböck returned on Soyuz TMA-12 after 8 days

14. Soyuz TM-14
Launch:
17 March 1992
Time Docked:
~143 days
Aleksandr Viktorenko

Aleksandr Kaleri
Klaus-Dietrich Flade

Delivered Mir EO-11 crew

Flade returned on Soyuz TM-13 after 8 days

15. Soyuz TM-15
Launch:
27 July 1992
Time Docked:
~187 days
Anatoly Solovyev

Sergei Avdeyev
Michel Tognini

Delivered Mir EO-12 crew

Tognini returned on Soyuz TM-14 after 14 days

16. Soyuz TM-16
Launch:
24 January 1993
Time Docked:
~177 days
Gennadi Manakov

Aleksandr Poleshchuk

Delivered Mir EO-13 crew
17. Soyuz TM-17
Launch:
1 July 1993
Time Docked:
~195 days
Vasili Tsibliyev

Aleksandr Serebrov
Jean-Pierre Haigneré

Delivered Mir EO-14 crew

Haigneré returned on Soyuz TM-16 after 21 days

18. Soyuz TM-18
Launch:
8 January 1994
Time Docked:
~180 days
Viktor Afanasyev

Yury Usachev
Valeri Polyakov

Delivered Mir EO-15 crew
19. Soyuz TM-19
Launch:
1 July 1994
Time Docked:
~124 days
Yuri Malenchenko

Talgat Musabayev

Delivered Mir EO-16 crew
20. Soyuz TM-20
Launch:
3 October 1994
Time Docked:
~166 days
Aleksandr Viktorenko

Yelena Kondakova
Ulf Merbold

Delivered Mir EO-17 crew

Merbold returned on Soyuz TM-19 after 32 days

21. Soyuz TM-21
Launch:
14 March 1995
Time Docked:
~179 days
Vladimir Dezhurov

Gennady Strekalov
Norman E. Thagard

Delivered Mir EO-18 crew
22. STS-71
Atlantis
Launch:
27 June 1995
Time Docked:
4 days 22h
Robert L. Gibson

Charles J. Precourt
Ellen S. Baker
Bonnie J. Dunbar
Gregory J. Harbaugh
Anatoly Solovyev
Nikolai Budarin

Delivered Mir EO-19 crew

Returned Mir EO-18 crew

23. Soyuz TM-22
Launch:
3 September 1995
Time Docked:
~177 days
Yuri Gidzenko

Sergei Avdeyev
Thomas Reiter

Delivered Mir EO-20 crew
24. STS-74
Atlantis
Launch:
12 November 1995
Time Docked:
3 days 2h
Kenneth D. Cameron

James D. Halsell
Jerry L. Ross
William S. McArthur
Chris A. Hadfield

Delivered Mir Docking Module & Solar Array Package
25. Soyuz TM-23
Launch:
21 February 1996
Time Docked:
~192 days
Yuri Onufrienko

Yury Usachev

Delivered Mir EO-21 crew
26. STS-76
Atlantis
Launch:
22 March 1996
Time Docked:
4 days 23h
Kevin P. Chilton

Richard A. Searfoss
Linda M. Godwin
Michael R. Clifford
Ronald M. Sega
Shannon W. Lucid

Delivered Lucid for Mir EO-21 crew

Deployed MEEP
1 spacewalk

27. Soyuz TM-24
Launch:
17 August 1996
Time Docked:
~195 days
Valery Korzun

Aleksandr Kaleri
Claudie Haigneré

Delivered Mir EO-22 crew

Haigneré returned on Soyuz TM-23 after 16 days

28. STS-79
Atlantis
Launch:
16 September 1996
Time Docked:
4 days 22h
William F. Readdy

Terrence W. Wilcutt
Thomas D. Akers
Jerome Apt
Carl E. Walz
John E. Blaha

Delivered Blaha for Mir EO-22 crew
29. STS-81
Atlantis
Launch:
12 January 1997
Time Docked:
4 days 22h
Michael A. Baker

Brent W. Jett
John M. Grunsfeld
Marsha S. Ivins
Peter J.K. Wisoff
Jerry M. Linenger

Delivered Linenger for Mir EO-22 crew
30. Soyuz TM-25
Launch:
10 February 1997
Time Docked:
~183 days
Vasili Tsibliyev

Aleksandr Lazutkin
Reinhold Ewald

Delivered Mir EO-23 crew

Ewald returned on Soyuz TM-24 after 20 days

31. STS-84
Atlantis
Launch:
15 May 1997
Time Docked:
4 days 23h
Charles J. Precourt

Eileen M. Collins
Carlos I. Noriega
Edward T. Lu
Jean-François Clervoy
Yelena Kondakova
Michael Foale

Delivered Foale for Mir EO-23 crew
32. Soyuz TM-26
Launch:
5 August 1997
Time Docked:
~196 days
Anatoly Solovyev

Pavel Vinogradov

Delivered Mir EO-24 crew
33. STS-86
Atlantis
Launch:
27 September 1997
Time Docked:
5 days 22h
James D. Wetherbee

Michael J. Bloomfield
Scott E. Parazynski
Wendy B. Lawrence
Jean-Loup Chrétien
Vladimir Titov
David A. Wolf

Delivered Wolf for Mir EO-24 crew

Retrieved MEEP
1 spacewalk

34. STS-89
Endeavour
Launch:
22 January 1998
Time Docked:
4 days 21h
Terrence W. Wilcutt

Joe F. Edwards
Bonnie J. Dunbar
Michael P. Anderson
James F. Reilly
Salizhan Sharipov
Andrew S.W. Thomas

Delivered Thomas for Mir EO-24 crew
35. Soyuz TM-27
Launch:
29 January 1998
Time Docked:
~206 days
Talgat Musabayev

Nikolai Budarin
Léopold Eyharts

Delivered Mir EO-25 crew

Eyharts returned on Soyuz TM-26 after 22 days

36. STS-91
Discovery
Launch:
2 June 1998
Time Docked:
3 days 23h
Charles J. Precourt

Dominic L. Pudwill Gorie
Wendy B. Lawrence
Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
Janet L. Kavandi
Valery Ryumin

Returned Thomas from Mir EO-25 crew
37. Soyuz TM-28
Launch:
13 August 1998
Time Docked:
~196 days
Gennady Padalka

Sergei Avdeyev
Yuri Baturin

Delivered Mir EO-26 crew

Baturin returned on Soyuz TM-27 after 12 days

38. Soyuz TM-29
Launch:
20 February 1999
Time Docked:
~186 days
Viktor Afanasyev

Jean-Pierre Haigneré
Ivan Bella

Delivered Mir EO-27 crew

Bella returned on Soyuz TM-28 after 8 days

39. Soyuz TM-30
Launch:
4 April 2000
Time Docked:
~70 days
Sergei Zalyotin

Aleksandr Kaleri

Delivered Mir EO-28 crew

See also




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