the free encyclopedia,
||1929 as Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated
||Headquarters in Annapolis, Maryland; EMEA Regional Headquarters in London, United Kingdom; Asia Pacific Regional Headquarters in Singapore; and more than 120 locations worldwide.
||John M. Belcher: Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
||Airports, Aviation, Defense, Government, Healthcare, Networks, Security, and Transportation
||▲$919 million USD (2006).
Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated (ARINC), established in 1929, is the leading provider of transport communications and systems engineering solutions for eight major industries: (aviation, airports, defense, government, healthcare, networks, security, and transportation). ARINC has installed computer data networks in police cars and railroad cars and also maintains the standards for line-replaceable units.
ARINC is currently owned by the Carlyle Group, which acquired the company in October 2007.
ARINC is headquartered in Annapolis, Maryland and has two regional headquarters: London (established in 1999) to serve the Europe, Middle East, and Africa region and Singapore (established 2003) for the Asia Pacific region. ARINC maintains more than 3200 employees at over 120 locations worldwide.
ARINC, as it is known today, was incorporated in 1929 as Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated. It was chartered by the Federal Radio Commission (which later became the Federal Communications Commission) in order to serve as the airline industry’s single licensee and coordinator of radio communication outside of the government. The corporation's stock was held by four major airlines of the day. Through most of its history, ARINC was owned by airlines and other aviation-related companies such as Boeing until the sale to Carlyle.
Not much later ARINC took on the responsibility for all ground-based, aeronautical radio stations and for ensuring station compliance with FRC rules and regulations. Using this as a base technology, ARINC expanded its contributions to transport communications as well as continuing to support the commercial aviation industry and US military.
In the 1950s ARINC developed the science of reliability analysis.
ARINC also developed the standards for the trays and boxes used to hold standard line-replaceable units (like radios) in aircraft. These permit electronics to be rapidly replaced without complex fasteners or test equipment, usually returning the aircraft to service in a short time.
In 1978 ARINC introduced ACARS© (Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System), a datalink system that enables ground stations (airports, aircraft maintenance bases, etc.) and commercial aircraft to communicate without voice, but data, due to the datalink system being integrated with aircraft systems via a Communications Management Unit (CMU), such as fuel quantity, weight on wheels, FMS, etc.
ARINC has expanded its business in aerospace and defense through its ARINC Engineering Services subsidiary.
In addition to ACARS, ARINC operates many communications services for the transportation industry including:
- AviNet Global Data Network, formerly known as the ARINC Data Network Service (ADNS)
- Air/Ground Domestic Voice Service
- Air/Ground International Voice Service
- Airport Remote Radio Access System (ARRAS)
- vMUSE- Multi-user systems environment for shared passenger check-in at Airports
- SelfServ- Common use self-service passenger check-in kiosks for Airports
- OnVoy- Internet based passenger check-in system for use at off-airport locations such as hotels, cruise ships and convention centers
- AirVUE- Information Display System for Airports
- Centralized Flight Management Computer Waypoint Reporting System (CFRS)
- Satellite Navigation & Air Traffic Control and Landing Systems (SATNAV & ATCALS)
- ARINC Wireless Interoperable Network Solutions (AWINS) - connects all types of radio and telephone systems including standard UHF and VHF analog radios, mobile digital, voice over IP systems, ship-to-shore, air-ground, standard phones, and push-to-talk cellular.
- ARINC Direct & Business Aviation Solutions - Provides corporate aircraft maintenance and modifications for the business aviation industry at two state-of-the-art facilities in Scottsdale, Arizona, and Colorado Springs, Colorado.
The 400 Series describes guidelines for installation, wiring, data buses, and databases.
- ARINC 419 describes a number of digital transmission system building blocks which where available prior to 1984. It provides a synopsis of many protocols that predate ARINC 429 such as ARINC 561, 582, 573 and 575.
- ARINC 429 is an electrical and data format standard for a 2-wire serial bus with one sender and many listeners. This standard defines one of the most commonly used data buses on modern commercial aircraft. ARINC 429, like the ARINC 561 standard, is based on the ARINC 575 data format.
The 500 Series describes analog avionics equipment used on aircraft such as the Boeing 727, Douglas DC-9, DC-10, Boeing 737 and 747, and Airbus A300.
- ARINC 573 is a standard format for data parameters recorded by Digital Flight Data Recorder and Flight Data Recorder required by the FAA and ICAO.
The 600 Series describes the design foundation for equipment specified per the ARINC 700 Series
- ARINC 610B is a guidance for use of avionics equipment and software in simulators.
- ARINC 615 is a family of standards covering "data loading", commonly used for transferring software and data to or from avionics devices.
- ARINC 629 is a multi-transmitter protocol where many units share the same bus. It was a further development of ARINC 429 especially designed for the Boeing 777.
- ARINC 633 is the air-ground protocol for ACARS and IP networks used for AOC data exchanges between aircraft and entities on the ground.
- ARINC 653 is a standard for partitioning of computer resources in the time and space domains. The standard also specifies APIs for abstraction of the application from the underlying hardware and software.
- ARINC 661 normalizes the definition of a cockpit display system (CDS), and the communication between the CDS and User Applications. The GUI definition is completely defined in binary definition files. The CDS software consists of a kernel capable of creating a hierarchical GUI specified in the definition files. The concepts used by ARINC 661 are similar to those used in user interface markup languages.
- ARINC 665 This standard defines standards for loadable software parts and software transport media.
The 700 Series describes digital systems and equipment installed on aircraft of digital avionics systems, including data link protocols.
- ARINC 708 is the standard for airborne weather radar. It defines the airborne weather radar characteristics for civil and military aircraft. This standard also defines the way to control and get information from the radar.
- ARINC 739 is the standard for communication between the MCDU and the systems attached to it.
The 800 Series describes enabling technologies supporting a networked aircraft environment, including fiber optics used in high-speed data buses.
- ARINC 811 is intended to facilitate a common understanding of information security concepts as they relate to airborne networks, and provides a framework for evaluating the security of airborne networked systems.
- ARINC 818 is a video interface and protocol standard developed for high bandwidth, low latency, uncompressed digital video transmission in Avionics systems.
- ARINC 827 specifies a crate format for electronic distribution of software parts for aircraft. It is currently under development.
- ARINC 828 is an interface standard used to connect an EFB device such as a laptop, to an aircraft.
The 900 Series describes avionics systems in an integrated modular and/or networked architecture
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Published - July 2009