Mcmurdo Station Airport Antarctica airports - Mcmurdo Station Airport
Antarctica airports
Antarctica airports
World airports
Airport photos - free!
Aircraft photos - free!
Spacecraft pics - free!
Aviation articles

Mcmurdo Station Airport



Coordinates: 77°52′03″S 167°03′24″E / 77.8675°S 167.05667°E / -77.8675; 167.05667

Williams Field
IATA: none – ICAO: NZWD
Summary
Airport type Public
Location McMurdo Station, Antarctica
Elevation AMSL 68 ft / 21 m
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07/25 10,000 3,048 Snow
15/33 10,000 3,048 Snow
Source: DAFIF

Williams Field or Willy Field (ICAO: NZWD) is the United States Antarctic Program's principal airfield in Antarctica. Williams Field is a snow runway located on approximately 8 meters (25 ft) of compacted snow, lying on top of 80 meters (262 ft) of ice, floating over 550 meters (1,800 ft) of water. The airport, which is approximately seven miles from Ross Island, serves McMurdo Station and New Zealand’s Scott Base. In addition, Williams is the major airfield for on-continent aircraft operations in Antarctica.

Williams Field is named in honor of Richard T. Williams, a United States Navy equipment operator who drowned when his D-8 tractor broke through the ice January 6, 1956. Williams and other personnel were participants in the first Operation Deep Freeze, a U.S. military mission to build a permanent science research station at McMurdo in anticipation of the International Geophysical Year 1957–58.

Operation


Caterpillar Challenger machines perform constant runway grooming
Caterpillar Challenger machines perform constant runway grooming

The skiway is typically in operation from December through the end of February. Other McMurdo Station airfields include the Ice Runway (October through December) and Pegasus Field used in August and December through February of each season.

The Williams Field snow runway is known locally as "Willy's Field." The airfield is a groomed snow surface that can support ski-equipped aircraft landings only. A cluster of facilities for flight operations, referred to as "Willy Town," includes several rows of containers for workers and a galley. Some of the buildings are relocated to support flight operations at the nearby Ice Runway and distant Pegasus Field. Willy Field Tavern, a bar at the airfield, closed in 1994.

Aviation fuel at Williams Field is pumped in a 16 km (10 mi) flexible pipe from McMurdo Station. Fuel is stored in up to 12 tanks. The fuel tanks, like other structures at the airfield, are mounted on skis or runners for portability. Generator and heating fuel is delivered to the station by fuel trucks from McMurdo Station, with fuels stored at the individual structures.

The extraordinary conditions encountered at Williams Field include the fact that the airfield is in a continuous slow slide towards the sea. Seaward movement of the floating McMurdo Ice Shelf upon which the airfield is constructed has forced Williams Field to be relocated three times since its original construction. Workers last moved the airfield during the 1984-85 season. Subsequently, personnel housed at Williams lived in buildings constructed on sleds to facilitate relocation. In the past, up to 450 people were housed at the airfield, according to the National Science Foundation. In 1994 the National Science Foundation constructed two dorm buildings at McMurdo Station and began transporting personnel to Williams Field using various vehicles including Foremost Delta II and Ford E-350 vans.

Current Aircraft in Use

  • Lockheed LC-130 - New York Air National Guard
  • Basler BT-67 - Kenn Borek Air
  • de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter - Kenn Borek Air

Historical Notes


Williams Field support structures as seen from the cargo line
Williams Field support structures as seen from the cargo line
  • 1957: Pan American Boeing 377 Stratocruiser makes round trip from Christchurch to McMurdo Sound. First civilian flight to Antarctica.
  • 1960: U.S. Navy WV-2 BuNo 126513 crashes after landing short of the ice runway.
  • 1960: First ski-equipped C-130 Hercules cargo aircraft lands in Antarctica.
  • 1960: Sunspots knock out radio communications for eight days, forcing cancellation of all flights between New Zealand and McMurdo.
  • 1966: First all-jet aircraft (USAF-C-141) lands at Williams.
  • 1967: Earliest scheduled winter fly-in.
  • 1970: U.S. Navy "Pegasus" C-121J crash lands. Aircraft is destroyed but no fatalities among the 80 persons aboard. Pegasus blue ice runway is named after this aircraft.
  • 1979: Air New Zealand Flight 901 crashes on nearby Mt Erebus. 257 people die


The above content comes from Wikipedia and is published under free licenses – click here to read more.


General Info
Country Antarctica
ICAO ID NZWD
Time UTC+12(+13DT)
Latitude -77.867358
77° 52' 02.49" S
Longitude 167.056572
167° 03' 23.66" E
Elevation 68 feet
21 meters
Magnetic Variation 143° E (05/06)
Alternate Name WILLIAMS FIELD
Operating Hours NO OPERATING HOURS LISTED


Communications
WILLIAMS FIELD TWR
Opr cont.
126.2
134.1
270.6
340.2
INTL DISTRESS 2182
4123
MCMURDO CNTR 118.2
360.2
Communications Remarks  
MISC (2182 As rqr.) (4123 USAP).
CNTR (9032 11256 5726 SSB) Grd freq cont mnt dur opr season, nml 1 Oct to 25 Feb annually.


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
07/25 10000 x 220 feet
3048 x 67 meters
SNOW. - NO
15/33 10000 x 220 feet
3048 x 67 meters
SNOW. - NO


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
TACAN ZWD WILLIAMS FLD 090X - At Field -


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel JP-8, SemiKeroscene MIL Spec T-83133, without icing inhibitor
Oil O-156, MIL L 23699 (Synthetic Base)Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine
Other Fluids HPOX, High pressure oxygen servicing
JASU NC-10A/A1/B/C
DC: 750 amp constant, 1000 amp intermittent, 28v, AC: 90kva, 115/200v, 3 phase, 400hz


Remarks
CAUTION Skiway brg strength surveyed for United States Antarctic Program (USAP) acft only - ALL OTHERS USE AT OWN RISK. Prior arng rqr for Austral win use; (See FLIP PLANNING AP/3). For addn info call C-1-843-218-5316/5757 . Posn and dimensions may vary wo ntc.
FLUID 1(LHNIT) 2(LPOX)
FUEL JP-8
JASU 1(GTC-85) 4(AM32A-108) 4(ESSEX B809)
LGT REIL/PAPI opr Skiway 25 and 33 only. SSALR opr Skiway Skiway 25 only.
MISC Avbl - Dec-Feb. No hgr space avbl. Skiway mrk with 4' x 4' black panels at 400' intervals for the length of the rwy. Heliport lctd 77 51.1'S 166 42.8'E, elev 60', for USAP participants only. Lcl std time equivalent to NZ lcl std time. 15(NGH heaters). Tmpry chg and other NOTAM info related to afld are publ on MCMURDO.USAP.GOV
OIL O-156



Thanks to: www.worldaerodata.com

The content above was published at Airports-Worldwide.com in 2010.
We don't guarantee the information is fresh and accurate. The data may be wrong or outdated.
For more up-to-date information please refer to other sources.
























christianity portal
directory of hotels worldwide
 
 

Copyright 2004-2018 © by Airports-Worldwide.com
Legal Disclaimer